Friday, July 3, 2020

Warrior Ethos in The Tale of Sohrab and The Epic of Gilgamesh - Free Essay Example

In the tragedy of Sohrab and Rostam and epics of Gilgamesh, heroes Rostam and Gilgamesh have a passion to deal with the death of the most loved ones in their lives. Rostam loses his son, Sohrab, whom he murdered in the battlefield whereas Gilgamesh loses his colleague, Enkidu in the epic. Gilgamesh is the king of Uruk, he is a one-third man and two-thirds god, very strong and wise. Even though Gilgamesh is godly, he starts his kingship as a brutal tyrant. He completes his magnificent building projects in the city by oppressing people through hard labor, he also rapes any woman who impresses his imagination. People pray the gods in order to be delivered from such menace. The gods hear their cries creates a wild animal and Enkidu to challenge Gilgamesh. Enkidu lives with animals and grazes on their pasture and drinks water at their watering places, and even suckles their breasts. A hunter spots Enkidu and sends a prostitute to tame him in the wilderness. The people consider women in making wild men such as Enkidu domesticated and bring them in the civilized world. Therefore, Harlot teaches Enkidu everything he needs to be a man. Finally, he gets introduced into human life and becomes a night watchman in the city of Uruk. Enkidu is disturbed by what he hears about the Gilgameshs treatment to wedding brides. He decides to challenge Gilgamesh at the wedding. Gilgamesh forces his way to brides chamber, Enkidu steps on the doorway and intercept Gilgamesh entrance into the chamber. They fight for a long time Gilgamesh emerging the winner of the battle. Enkidu acknowledges Gilgameshs superiority and they become allies hence start having adventures together. They decide to go to cedar forest to steal trees beside it beingnevertheless forbidden for mortals. They come across a forest giant which is devoted to guarding the forest, Enlil. They fight the monster and with the help of Shamash, god of the sun they kill the giant, Humbaba. The men cut down the trees and use them to fashion humongous gate for the forest and the rest of the trees design a raft which they float on it back to Uruk. At Uruk the goddess of love, Ishtar, approaches Gilgamesh because lust has overcome her, unfortunately, Gilgamesh rejects her because of the previous mistreatment of his lovers. Ishtar becomes furious and asks her father, Anu, to request the skys god to send Heavens Bull to strike Gilgamesh. The bull comes down from the sky bringing seven years of devastation in Uruk. Enkidu and Gilgamesh wrestle the bull and slays it. After winning the battle, the gods of the sky have a council meeting and agree that one of the two allies must suffer punishment for their transgression. Consequently, Enkidu is chosen to face death. He shares his dreams of the underworld with Gilgamesh and after ten days he dies. His death heartbreaks Gilgamesh for his entire life. As a result, he continuously mourns for Enkidu along with seeking prospect about his own death. He further exchanges his kingly robes for wild animal skin as a sign of grieving Enkidu. In the Sohrab and Rostam tragedy, the scene starts when the army of Persians and Tartars are encamped along Oxus River waiting to witness a great fight between them. Sohrab, a youthful hero in Tartars army, early morning he leaves his bed and makes his solidarity way to Persian-Wisa. Commander of the Tartar army wishes to have an uncommon favor from the commander. He wants to challenge the leader from the Persians army with intention of seeking his father, Rostum, who he has never seen. Sohrab is discontented and restless to have the opportunity to engage in the duel. The battle day comes and the armies are on the ground ready to fight. Tartars and Persians armies are waiting for instructions from their respective commanders, Peran-Wisa comes in front of armies and says, instead of war there will be a duel, whereby, the last man standing in the duel will have a victory from the respective army. Gudurz, an official in the Persian camp hears that statement and urges Rostum to engage in the duel since he is the oldest and mightiest warrior in the camp. Rostum turns down the request because he considers himself old to face young warrior, Sohrab. Instead, he suggests that king Kae Kau should fight. Gudurz criticizes Rostums words and responds with statements which triggers Rostum spirit hence paving his way to the battlefield. Sohrab and Rostum make their way on the battlefield, they wrestle against each other although Sohrab is suspicious that he may be fighting against his father, Rostum lacks the same perception Sohrab had when combating. In the combat Rostum fatally stubs Sohrab. While Sohrab is laying down, he recalls the love of his father is the one which has brought him in the battle. Rostum finally realizes that he was fighting against his son when he sees his bracelet on Sohrab arm, which he had given Tahmina a long time ago to put to their child after their marriage. Tahmina hoped that the bracelet could protect him during the war. In conclusion, the ethics of war and harmony in Gilgamesh epic and Shahnameh portrays humbleness in supreme beings. Gilgamesh epic, the giant restraints from own greediness and arrogance and inflicting misery on others he portrays his humbleness and sorrow when he exchanges his kingly garments for wild animals skin as a reason of mourning Enkidu. On tragedy of Sohrab and Rostam, the Sohrabs father- Rostam cries bitterly after realizing that he had killed his son. The psychosomatic reactions of war and sorrow dont take part in the real world; hence such reactions should be acquiesced to reasoning and violence repression to keep in check. Works cited Colarusso, John, and Tamirlan Salbiev, eds. Tales of the Narts: Ancient Myths and Legends of the Ossetians. Princeton University Press, 2016. Cross, Cameron. If Death is Just, what is Injustice? Illicit Rage in Rostam and Sohrab and The Knights Tale. Iranian Studies 48.3 (2015): 395-422. George, Andrew, ed. The epic of Gilgamesh: the Babylonian epic poem and other texts in Akkadian and Sumerian. Penguin, 2002.

Monday, May 25, 2020

Dimensions of Diversity - 1127 Words

Introduction Each and every individual has his own unique characteristics that set him or her apart from other people. In that case, diversity as a term is used to denote any dimension utilized to bring out or identify the various differences between people and groups. It is important to note that today, with the world increasingly becoming a truly global village, it has become necessary for individuals to appreciate and embrace differences in others. In this text, I define diversity and highlight its dimensions (both hidden and visible). Further, I come up with a brief analysis of my tendency to judge individuals on the basis of their superficial, external or visible characteristics. Diversity: A Brief Overview Diversity according to Daft and Lane (2007) is essentially the existing differences among people in terms of age, ethnicity, gender, race, or other dimensions. It can be noted that the proper management of diversity must be preceded by a clear understanding of diversity and its nature. As I have already noted in the introductory paragraph, the world is increasingly becoming a global village and with this, the level of interaction between individuals from different backgrounds continues to be enhanced even further. Below, I highlight the various dimensions of diversity that help us outline the differences among people. The Various Dimensions of Diversity In general terms, diversity is made up of a myriad of traits. It is these traits that I refer to asShow MoreRelatedReport- Dimensions of Diversity1578 Words   |  7 Pages Dimension of Diversity Race and/or gender are not the definition of diversity. Diversity is all of us and how we are so different. To better understand diversity it can be broken down into four different dimensions and classifications. These points will help you begin to pick apart the complex topic of diversity. Dimensions 1. Dimension may be hidden/ visible a. Race, gender and possible age or wealth index may be a visible dimension that / would classify people into one group. b. IntelligentRead MoreDefining Diversity: the Evolution of Diversity1435 Words   |  6 PagesDEFINING DIVERSITY: THE EVOLUTION OF DIVERSITY by Camille Kapoor 1. INTRODUCTION: WHAT IS DIVERSITY? The concept of diversity encompasses acceptance and respect. It means understanding that each individual is unique, and recognizing our individual differences. These can be along the dimensions of race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, socio-economic status, age, physical ability, religious beliefs, political beliefs, or other ideologies. It is the exploration of these differencesRead MoreDiversity And Inclusion Of Diversity1152 Words   |  5 PagesDiversity means understanding that individuals are unique or different in a particular way, leaning to accept and live with people with this differences. Interacting with people from different, religious beliefs, races, ethnicity, sexual orientation, socio-economic status, age, gender, physical abilities, political beliefs, or other ideologies, sexual orientation. Inclusion mean a state of being a part or identifying with a particular societal group. Diversity and inclusion on campus are very importantRead MoreThe Defi nition of Diversity1592 Words   |  6 PagesDiversity Paper The Merriam-Webster Dictionary defines diversity as the condition of having or [of] being composed of differing elements [ å›   especially the inclusion of different types of people (as people of different races or cultures) in a group or organization [...] (Merriam-Webster Dictionary, 2012). Diversity is, often, omnipresent in the United States, especially in metropolitan areas. Yet there are pockets in this country, and especially in the world, where diversity is a concept thatRead MoreMy Place for Diversity1699 Words   |  7 PagesMy Place for Diversity XXXXXX XXXXXX Comm/315 November 20, 2012 XXXX XXXXX My Place for Diversity An understanding of both the hidden dimensions of diversity and the visible can upsurges understanding and tolerance of the differences in every one of us. Diversity gives uniqueness to each of us and makes us interesting, however if you base your judgment on the visual and not the hidden dimension as well, then you are being judgmental to that person. The visual characteristics only encompassRead MoreDiversity and Inclusion Paper1085 Words   |  5 PagesThinking About Diversity and Inclusion Paper SOC/315 December 15, 2010 Professor Dr. Lorthridge Introduction This paper will discuss and focus on the four dimensions of diversity: ethnicity, gender, differences in skills, abilities and personality traits and how they have an impact in my workplace. To be able to go further in this paper one should understand the definition of diversity. Diversity is a variety between people associated to factors such as culture, employment status, educationRead MoreDiversity On The Walgreens Company1683 Words   |  7 PagesDiversity on the Walgreens Company Website The Walgreens Drug Store Company has about 8100 stores in all America, which makes the store very accessible to the public. The Walgreens stores are located deeper in the communities and touch many lives. The company employs about 251,000 workers with more than 70,000 healthcare providers (Walgreens Diversity Inclusion Report, 2014). Diversity in this company is very important due to the widespread in the community and the higher number of workers. EveryoneRead MoreDiversity and Inclusion1102 Words   |  5 PagesDiversity is a notion, when applied to the majority of circumstances, can create a positive conclusion. The trick to producing a positive outcome is often how the different aspects are brought together. Consider a classic dinner combination peas and carrots, the two colors look appealing and the two flavors comes together as one making a superb side dish. Now consider oil and water, these two substance are not often considered a good combination. Although, this is not alwa ys the case; olive oil andRead MoreThe Foundations of Human Development Essays799 Words   |  4 Pagesindividual is an essential theme in human services. Understanding the bio-psycho-social dimensions of human development, having cultural competency, and comprehending the general systems theory and how it works are all important parts of being an effective human service professional. Section I.) The Interactions between the Bio-Psycho-Social Dimensions of Human Development Human development consists of three dimensions: biological, psychological, and social development. These three aspects of humanRead MoreEssay about Eth 125 Diversity Worksheet611 Words   |  3 PagesAssociate Program Material Diversity Worksheet Answer each question in 50 to 150 words. Provide citations for all the sources you use. 1. What is diversity? Why is diversity valued? Diversity is basically the condition of being different and many times people think diverity is just about race and culture, but there wrong. Diversity includes different dimensions Loden and Rosener (1991) Describe two major dimensions which are primary and secondary. Primary dimensions generally states things

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

How Social Media As A Networking Strategy Essay - 1341 Words

10 Ways to Use Social Media as a Networking Strategy are you looking to started with your social media networking strategy? Did you know what to endorse in it? Objectives and goals guide your social media networking strategy to assist you successfully connect with your audience. Social media’s value for brand-building, sales, and customer engagement is regularly discussed and consider. But one area that’s commonly overlooked is its inconceivable social networking ROI, especially for brooder who may eschew big, noisy skillful gatherings. As an author, business school professor, and consultant, here are few ways I’ve personally used social media networking to enhance my social media networking and build lasting professional connections. 1. Conduct Interviews Marketing blogs, web video programs, and podcasts– can be a effective way to break through the edge of supplicants trying to crunch the consideration of industry leaders. In the place of nearing them to beg to get a walk or perhaps an opportunity to â€Å"pick their mind,† you proceed to the leading page of the point whenever you provide them-and reveal it online. 2. Influence Your Content Influencing someone is really great; it’s even excellent if you can find various ways to extract value from that comment. There are three different blog posts based on best how to make your social media conversation more influencing. Read more – Why We Quit Focusing on Quick Social Media ROI: A New Approach of Screening Conversions. That’sShow MoreRelatedAs The World Is Growing, The Social Media Network Is Growing1721 Words   |  7 Pagesworld is growing, the social media network is growing vastly and rapidly as well. We have various social media sites present in the world among which some of the widely used are Facebook, Instagram, YouTube and Twitter. Similarly, if we investigate, there would more other social media sites that the people have been using in their daily life. Social networking sites which are part of social media are playing a very vital role for the companies and their growth. Social networking sites are helping theRead MoreIdentifying Social Networking Strategy And Technology That Can Boost Up Their Occupancy Rate, Repeat Purchase And Customer Loyalty1724 Words   |  7 Pages Introduction: The purpose of this research is not to evaluate how many hoteliers vigorously using social media strategy, comparatively is to examine the area and objective of the issue why some hoteliers don’t understand and grasp the importance of social networking as a new tool of communication with its consumers or guests. Recommending solution to this issue that can help different hotelier to implement social networking strategy and technology that can boost up their occupancy rate, repeat-purchaseRead MoreCreating a Social Media Strategy Essay1317 Words   |  6 Pagesdecade, internet usage has been significantly influenced by the use of social media and it radically transformed the use of internet. Understanding the impact of social media on personal, social and also institutional level can utilize it efficiently. Social media is a platform which enables interactive communication among individuals, communities and organizations. The authors of Users of the World, Unite! define social media as a group of Internet-based applications that build on the ideologicalRead MoreIdentification Of Contemporary Issues Of Hotel Industry963 Words   |  4 Pagesdifficult to understand the importance and implementation of Social media strategy for their Business. †¢ Management area issue: Social Networking Marketing and Technology †¢ Introduction: The purpose of this research is not to evaluate how many hoteliers vigorously using social media strategy, comparatively is to examine the area and objective of the issue why some hoteliers don’t understand and grasp the importance of social networking as a new tool of communication with its consumers or guests.Read MoreThe Impact Of Social Media On Marketing Purposes1535 Words   |  7 PagesThrough out the year, we have seen the development of social media evolving. Social networking sites such as Facebook, Myspace, Twitter, Instagram etc. are not to post personal photos from your vacation or parties with friend anymore but also a tool for your business. A vital tool that is, social media has became a powerful marketing tool if it is used correctly, it can guide the customers from their social media site to their actual business site where information is provided much more in detailRead MoreAdvantages And Disadvantages Of Social Media1292 Words   |  6 PagesAbstract: Soc ial media networking has completely transformed the way businesses market and recruits potential employees. Marketing and recruiting was simply done through printing ads in newspapers. Now social media networking is done through â€Å"posting† open discussions on the business website or social media sites. Social media has allowed business to also promote their brand, hire, communicate, and connect with many people and organizations. This paper will help you to understand how businesses incorporateRead MoreHow Social Media Marketing Activities Essay1389 Words   |  6 Pages7 Ways to Track Your Social Media Marketing Activities When is your targeted audience the most active? Which social media networks drive more traffics towards your site? Which social media turned how many numbers of site visitors into leads? These are a few questions you need to have the right answers to, so that you invest your precious time and efforts in the right social media network with the right social media marketing approach. You need social media analytical tools that give visitors metricsRead MoreSocial Networking for Jeans Specialty Shoppe: Benefits and Drawbacks829 Words   |  3 PagesSocial Networking for Jeans Specialty Shoppe: The evolution of online communication methods and development of social networks has transformed the operations and communications of many businesses. As the various social networking sites have continued to attract millions of users, social networking provides numerous benefits to businesses. Griffith (2011) states that users of social media are totally at ease to develop communities with common interests that help them to stay up-to-date throughRead MoreThe Power of Social Media and Its Impact on the Current Business Environment1529 Words   |  7 PagesThe Power of Social Media and its Impact on the Current Business Environment The number of internet users has increased over the last decade due to the development of new technologies, internet availability and improved connectivity. Various online communications platforms have been invented and are widely used for both personal and business purposes world wide and social networking is the latest communication platform helping people connect to each other across different places. Its introductionRead MoreContributing Effect Of Media On A Business Tool919 Words   |  4 PagesContributing effect of Media (Main Idea) It has been said that media relations assume a crucial part in the accomplishment of advertising and social cooperation. The sheer proliferation of social network use means that in terms of quantity, it is becoming more prevalent than e-mails, and businesses are increasingly using social networks as a business tool, often as a distinct part of marketing and public relations strategies (Ornstein, 2012). Thus the reason this strategy ends up being imperative

Friday, May 15, 2020

The Concept of Political Representation Essay - 2655 Words

In â€Å"Political Representation,† Shapiro et al. (2009) say that â€Å"political representation lies at the core of modern politics.† Representation is usually linked to the concept of democracy (Shapiro et al. 2009). The concept of representation is explicitly mentioned in the U.S. Constitution (U.S. Const. art. I,  § 1, 2). However, the meaning and appropriate form of â€Å"representation† have been debated by political theorists and philosophers for centuries. The definition of representation one chooses to use is influenced by the form of representation one finds most appropriate. Given the different forms of representation, legislators can be responsive in different ways. Representation also operates at two different levels – the national and local†¦show more content†¦2009). According to this view, the representative represents the interests of the state, not the individual, and a discrepancy between the constituency’s preferences and the representative’s actions is not problematic, because the representative does not directly represent the views of the individuals who elected him (Shapiro et al. 2009). In Two Treatises of Government, John Locke (1823) argued that natural rights such as life, liberty and property could not be taken or given away by individuals. These â€Å"inalienable† rights limited the power of the king, who acted only to enforce the natural rights of the people. If these rights were violated, the people had the right to revolt and create a new government. Although Locke supported the idea of a representative government, he wanted representatives to be men of property (Locke 1823). Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1988) also wrote about representation in The Social Contract. Rousseau felt that individuals should enter into a social contract in which they gave up their rights to the entire community, rather than to a king. Rousseau viewed aShow MoreRelatedPolitical Participation Among Backward Castes Of Panchayat Raj Institutions : A Study On Ananthapuramu District Of Andhra Pradesh1638 Words   |  7 Pages Political participation among Backward Castes in Panchayat Raj Institutions: A study on Ananthapuramu District of Andhra Pradesh Social Stratification is a ubiquitous social structure in human societies, be it simple or complex. Stratification is fairly permanent ranking of positions in a society in terms of unequal power, prestige or privileges. It refers to the patterned or structured social inequalities among the whole categories of people not just among individualsRead MoreWomen and Political Representation in Canada: Equality, Fairness, and Capabilities866 Words   |  4 PagesWomen and Political Representation in Canada: Equality, Fairness, and Capabilities I. Introduction Social equality is the concept in which all individuals possess the same fundamental basic liberties, opportunities, moral value/respect, and social benefits. The concept of ‘equality’ has a multiplicity of meanings and definitions, and with the rise of liberalization and democratization around the world ‘social equality’ has become the most predominant. As economic openness creates greater wealthRead MoreDemocracy Is The Worst Form Of Government Essay834 Words   |  4 Pagesas no surprise that when emerging nations are writing their constitutions, they model them after the American Constitution. Political scientists cite a number of different reasons for the success of the US Constitution; the Bill of Rights, separation of powers, and a bicameral legislature with representation based on population and equality all the top their lists. One concept often overlooked, however, is federalism. Defined, federalism is a type of government that divides powers be tween two equalRead MorePolitical Culture And Its Impact On Society Essay832 Words   |  4 PagesPolitical culture is connotative of a stream of collective consciousness relating to ingrained theoretical expectations of government and the governing. Political culture is a shared aspect of society that shapes how we react and interact within the system , it s reflective of our collective morals, ideals, and beliefs. There are three core American values that shape domestic political culture: Democracy, Freedom, and Equality. 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Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, Vol. 36, No. 1, pp. 125-148. This article examines the attitudes that New Zealanders have developed in response to immigration patterns and policy. Exploring how social hierarchy and ethnicity shape immigration tolerance through economic inequality concernsRead MoreRoles And Bias Towards Women Nigeri Problems And Prospects African Journal Of Political Science And International Relations896 Words   |  4 PagesI got a lot of information as in some article that talks about the problem with roles and bias towards women Nigeria: Problems and prospects African Journal of Political Science and International Relations Nigerian women and their society. These women play a key role in the Nigerian society and help develop their society. This society allows women to stand up for the view and support women’s rights because they have women in government to represent them. This article also comperes the men and womenRead MoreEssay On Cultural Imperialism1526 Words   |  7 Pagesprevious imperial states still retain financial, political and social predominance over these earstwhile settlements. This is accomplished in the form of cultural imperialism. Due to the huge development of the popular consumerist culture and the dissemination of Western goods all over the globe, the accusations of cultural imperialism became much stronger and rampant in the Third World countries. †¢ ORIENTALISM AND THE POLITICS OF REPRESENTATION The postcolonial critic, Edward Said felt the constantRead MoreEssay987 Words   |  4 PagesCarey et. al’s Report from the Field: Two Surveys of Political Scientists.: Alarming results Carey et al’s â€Å"Report,† alarmed me for two reasons: the lack of importance attached to women’s representation by the American Political Science Association’s members and the lack of country knowledge or experience of the electoral reform consultants. The first, I will rationalize out as realistic, even if I disagree at a fundamental level; and the second, I will criticize as a problem that should be addressedRead MoreRepresentation Of A Representative Democracy1410 Words   |  6 Pagesactivity of representation is taking place (the political context). The theories of political representation usually start by specifying and explaining the terms for each of these four components. For example, democratic theorists often limit the types of representatives being discussed to formal representatives only — that is, only to those representatives who hold elected or public offices. One reason for the concept of representation being elusive is that theories of representation often apply

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Analysis Of The Stakeholder Management Process Essay

ANALYSIS: The analysis of the stakeholder management process forms a very integral role in bringing up the expertise and under playing the strategies of carefully managing the stakeholders accordingly to their power and legitimacy. The different templates are used in bringing up the analysis of the process so as to technically prove the inference that these external bodies brought onto the project. The following are the different templates that establishes the role of the stakeholders more prominently and are very necessary and basic for the analysis phase of the project. POWER INTEREST MATRIX: 2 5 1 3 8 9 6 7 4 10 POWER Thus the power interest matrix shows the different entities and places them according to their effectiveness on the project and at what extent they can influence the project are given numeric value approximately to depict the same. 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The purpose of this paper is to examine stakeholder identification and prioritization using a case study of stakeholder management of business changes resulting from aRead MoreBusiness For Social Responsibility ( Bsr )1278 Words   |  6 PagesCase Study 1: Stakeholder Mapping Introduction Business for Social Responsibility (BSR) is an international nonprofit organization that aims to â€Å"work with business to create a just and sustainable world† (BSR, 2014). To achieve this mission, BSR promotes collaboration and strategic planning in order to catalyze behavioral change (BSR, 2014). With a mission to drive social and environmental innovation, stakeholder analysis is a core competency at BSR. This organization has developed a five-step modelRead MoreMeasuring Performance, Cost, And Scheduling837 Words   |  4 PagesAnalyzing a project’s earned value is necessary when reporting to stakeholders. The data must be comprehensive in nature to ensure stakeholders appreciate the assessment of the project in its current status. Measuring performance is critical throughout the duration of the project because project managers and stakeholders can make acute decisions relating to scope creep, crashing a project, or quality in performance or product. Earn value an alysis link the project’s baseline plan to the current status andRead MoreProject Management, Project Communication, And Project Stakeholder Management797 Words   |  4 Pagesproject management that stood out while taking this program. Project integrated management, project communication, and project stakeholder management. A discussion on how they are executed will be presented. As more courses were taken during this project management graduate program, many of the project management concepts became clear and revealed more of the interdependencies and intricate dynamics that are required for successful project management. Stakeholder Management Project Stakeholder ManagementRead MoreCommon Characteristics Of Mega Construction Projects Essay1325 Words   |  6 Pagesinclude multiple stakeholders: Organizations, Clients, Governments sometimes, Consultants and the Recipients. Therefore, variable conflicts might occur between these stakeholders as a result of variations in interests, requirements, perspectives, expectations or methods of communication. Many studies have addressed this partials with the aim to improve and develop the briefing process, where lots of conceptual frameworks were initiated to manage and control multiple stakeholders but it still a majorRead MoreManaging Stakeholder Expectations : Gavin Davies1667 Words   |  7 Pages Managing Stakeholder Expectations Gavin Davies of Tremendous Training states â€Å"Start any project with your stakeholders in mind†. The project manager has two primary goals. A project is successful when it achieves all stated objectives, as well as meets the expectations of the stakeholders. Managing various stakeholder expectations is important. The success of a project can rely on how the project manager communicates with and handles the expectations of stakeholders. In a software developmentRead MoreEvaluation Of Internal And External Factors On Project Management Process1728 Words   |  7 PagesIntegrated Project Management Assignment 2B: Impact Analysis Report. Nathalia Vasques Mari – Student ID: 00159199T Contents Evaluation of Internal and External Factors and their impact on Project Management Process 3 Internal Risks 3 External Risks 3 Enterprise Environmental Factors 3 Organizational Process Assets 4 The Difference between Organizational Process Assets and Enterprise Environmental Factors 5 Communication on project management process and outcomes to diverse stakeholders 5 References

Analyzing Team Names and Mascots by S. L. Prices...

The author S. L. Price of the article â€Å"the Indian Wars† analyzes the confusing subject of Native American names and mascots used in sports teams in high school, college, and professional levels. The article is written for Sports Illustrated and offers readers an insight into this debate whether indigenous symbols in sports are honoring or insulting in Native Americans. The author addresses this topic with evidence of both sides of the issue, and leaves the reader aware of the topic and its unclear stance in today’s society. This article examines the controversy of using Native American names and mascots by sports teams, even though the author provides two sides to the issue, the different evidence blinds the argument he is trying to make.†¦show more content†¦Another, a director pf the Hopi Cultural Preservation Office, Leigh J. Kuwanwisiwma claimed that he takes a neutral stance on the issue. He reasoned, â€Å"’ I don’t see anything wrong with Indian nicknames as long as they’re not meant to be derogatory’† (Price 63). Majority when asked about this issue mentioned similar statements. Can we avoid the historical context of words? Michael Yellow Bird, an associate professor of social work at Arizona State mentioned just that. He challenged, â€Å"’If people think this is how to honor us, then colonization has really taken hold’† (Price 64). He as well as others brought up the history of Native Americans and their partial extermination, being forgotten, cheated of their own land. Bird like others questions how these mascots and names honor the Natives. And how can Natives themselves be indifferent about this subject. S. L. Price offers a wide range of evidence from people that are on both ends of the spectrum about this issue. Even though Price offers a wide range of people’s voices, a weakness he brought to his article is the data. The author offers data as he states â€Å"a recent SI poll,† he does not define the word â€Å"recent† and leaves the data not as accurate and not as valid. Also he incorporates multiple data points and percentage throughout the article which gives it an inconsistent flow. Also the author does not provide a bibliography to the data. The data does present high

Working with Mobile Devices in Governance-Free-Samples for Students

Question: Write a report on Working with Mobile Devices in Governance. Answer: Introduction Nowadays each and everyone own at least one cell phone or can be more. In fact, most recent figure reveals that two-thirds of the population owns a mobile phone. It can be either feature phones (screen is limited to text and very low-end graphics) or smartphone (like small computers). However, the market trend is more towards the smartphone. In addition to that, the market for smartphones is dynamic compared with featured phones. For instance, half of the world's populations are the users of smartphones (Fernando, Loke Rahayu, 2013). Cloud computing has a very significant influence on mobile technology as it makes these devices more powerful and cheaper. With cloud computing, the users can access the applications and services located remotely. Recent market trend unveils that apple iPhone, Google android phones are showing trajectory upward. The countrys productivity can be improved by effective governance. Effective Governance also increases its competitiveness. In a country like India, service of good governance is quite a challenging task (Sundar Garg, 2005). The basic services that are provided by the government services via mobile phones help the government to deliver public services. The cell phones are coupled with innovative potential in applications of mobile that have reached to its height. These help the mobile governance as a cornerstone in different schemes of state government. Increasing the wireless penetration and services of better awareness helps in increasing the upgrade of mobile governance services in the future. The government focuses on the improvement of mobile governance (Jo et al., 2015). The services that the mobile government provides are providing information that are basic which includes alerts of natural disaster to polling via mobile phones. Key words:Mobile technology, cloud computing, mobile governance Literature Review E-governance and M-governance E-Governance: The application of ICT (Information and Communication Technology) is the E-Governance which includes delivering services of government, communication transactions, information exchange services that are held between G2C (Government to Customer) and G2B (Government to Business) and also different system of sand stone integration. There are four basic models that are available- government to employees, government to government, government to customers and government to business. M-Governance:(Mohamad, Building, Ismail, 2010)M-Governance is meant to provide access to those who are unable to access (means those prefer mobile phone or living in remote areas) the services offered by the government through the internet. By owning one cell phone and having access to one mobile network, then they can use the public services at anyplace at any time. M-governance is an innovative technology that brings government services to citizens by reducing the gap arising between them. Limitatins of M-Governance (Mohamad et al., 2010) explained about the limitations of m-governance. They are 1) Small sized phone: In rural areas, most of the people are relying on the small phone since they cannot afford the smartphone. 2) Government needs to take more care to ensure scalability and high availability of information. For this, the technology is to be more elaborated. 3) Some information is critical and needed to be safeguarded. Then will arise security and authentication problem. 4) Cost:To implement m-governance, a further channel is required in e-government. This channel will create additional costs. A substitute delivery channel can solve this to a certain extent.(Sreenivas, Manjunath, Abate, Weseni, 2016) 5) Some people use this technology for fun rather than productive activities. For example, hoax messaging. (Sreenivas et al., 2016) 6) Literacy problems: The reduced literacy rate creates some challenges in use of m-governance. (Sreenivas et al., 2016)M-Governance is an innovative technology. However, some part of the population is unable to access these technologies. For instance, poor people, illiterate peoples come under this category. Moreover, they are also denied from getting the benefits that offered by the government in other words m-digital divide. Today (2012) In this article also they agree that sometimes illiterate people face some sort of problems to access these services. This is because those people are unfamiliar with these devices and technology. The solution to this issue is that integrated speech assistance tools and by ensuring m-governance in regional languages. More and more people would use this service when proper awareness about services is given. Advancement in mobile technology will increase the usage among the masses. Tools The smart phone manufacturers group their devices to into different operating systems (Almunawar, 2015). The operating systems that are mostly used are RIM (Research in Motion), operating system with blackberry, windows operating system in mobile, symbian platform and all variation of UNIX that includes Android, Google and Apple iOS. (Mell Grance, 2011)Research in Motion has developed a system of mobile operating known as BlackBerry Operating System. Environment of Java development which includes IDE BlackBerry, Java Platform APIs, simulator of smart phones, and application of BlackBerry and vendors of third party like MobiHand are used for application developers. According to Almunawar 2015, modified kernel Linux is used to build an android operating system of Android. The maintenance and Android Development was developed by Android Inc. and was bought in 2005 by Google which is performed by Open Source Project of Android. The codes of the Android applications are mainly written in Java language by the use of Android SDK that includes a run time environment emulator for debugging and testing. The market of Google Android and different distribution channels like Handango and GetJar have an application that are distributed. The iOS of Apple comes from the Apple Mac OS X that is itself an operating system that is UNIX based and also the GUIs. The applications mainly in the Objective-c which uses iOS of Apple, Interface Builder and Xcode are built by the developers. The App Store of Apple has distributed applications which have almost 300,000 applications. The Windows mobile phone that uses Windows operating systems known as Windows Phone 7 is inherited from operating system of Windows Mobile. To make the user experience better, Microsoft designed Windows Phone 7 (Dinh et al., 2013). The codes are written through APIs by the developers such as API compass, Video API and sockets API (Presswire, 2012). The marketplace of Windows Phone distributes the Applications. There is also an operating system that has open source is known as Symbian. These operating systems are used for smart phones of Nokia. A Java application of ME with services layer are used in the service layer of operating systems. The developers of applications write all the codes in Java language, Perl, c++ or SDK that are customized for the developer of IDE who uses the applications. (Calheiros et al., 2011)The above mentioned mobile technologies have approached the technology of cloud in a broader way. The iCloud service of the Apple or androids helps the user to store data that includes pictures, audios, videos and also documentations. Apple has its different approach in developing cloud application of its own so that it can support the backup and storage of its own devices instead of going with the industry flow. The Apple operating system provides a reliable and secure synchronization feature with the cloud. Government perception The mindset of the government is not that easy to change. The government has built many infrastructures over the decades which do not easily communicate with each other. The perception of the government is changing day by day. They are using the concept of cloud to build scalable, secure and safe cloud solutions so that the efficiency of the government is increased (Dinh et al., 2013). The perception of government has now changed because they are able to deploy solutions that on the demand and also receives access to all the infrastructures without buying tools that are expensive. For ensuring cloud services in government, the agencies of government are looking for vendors who provide cloud services and also employ professionals who help them to move to cloud very efficiently and quickly. By existing infrastructures that are with bridges of networking, an efficient and controlled cloud can take place.(Sreenivas, Manjunath, Abate, Weseni, 2016) (Today, 2012)Mentioned the Current working areas of central government are bill payment system and filing income tax returns. They have been developing a framework for these services. Advantages of this framework are interoperability across several service providers and government departments (Sreenivas et al., 2016). Soon, we can expect services like disaster alerts in mobile phones as the m-governance is constantly developing. Possible m-Government Application Areas are: Notifications for payment of taxes, traffic condition information, notifications for civic authorities, disaster/crisis alerts, bill payment, support for education and government healthcare campaigns. Benefits of M-Governance for both citizens and public servants are: 1)The civil servant must carry data in either head or portable files when they are in the field. However, the emergence of m-governance helped them a lot to make better decisions and actions with the digitized government, 2)one of the major benefits is that the citizen can access the services and information at any place at any time (Today, 2012). In another way, it is beneficial for government also that they can ensure very critical information such as terror alerts are reaching the masses quickly and directly, 3)m-governance improves public interaction. since it provides a channel for interactions among policymakers, service consumers, service deliverers, civil society representatives, 4)m-governance lowers the effort and time needed in communication thereby motivating more and more communication, 5)m-government will boost the public servants productivity by allowing them to enter data and information at real time. Thus, it reduces the time needed them to spend on data related activities. In fact, they can use this time for other productive activities and 6) Availability of information at any time anywhere breaks the boundary and create a truly integrated digital nervous system for government. In a way to broadening the m-government concept, they are encouraging the citizen to use the full potential of their services. Citizens perception Almunawar MN (2015) narrated in his article about an issue related to client side. That is since the client (mobile users) is geographically dispersed, means long distance away from the cloud. As a result, it could affect the internet speed that in turn affects the performance, especially in data-intensive computation. The citizen thinks that the cloud has helped them to connect to their friends over social media (Computer, 2010). Connecting with all the old buddies has never been such an easy way that is now today. The citizen thinks that they are able to educate themselves through the medium of cloud computing. The whole world is connected together by the help of cloud computing which helps the citizens to save, upload or share files in the Internet. Security (Zhang, 2012) explained about the Challenges that are faced in the governance system come from three aspects of cloud computing: 1.the resources located on the data centre of service providers, 2. the client those interact with the resources, 3.the communication channel that connects client and resources. We will go through each aspect to study the most significant security challenge there, and come upwith appropriate solutions. As the results, our work will be including following three sections: secure computation with resources in a remote site, prevent information leak through the communication network and protect sensitive information on the client devices. Secure computation with resources in the remote location. Dividing task and keeping sensitive data on private cloud and rest can be maintained on the public is the solution. That is hybrid cloud computing. However, its cons are that it does not support data-intensive computing frameworks. Here they are suggesting MapReduce programming model as the example, and try to leverage the unique features which automatically partitions the job that is computing on all the data it works upon. Almunawar MN (2015) also cited in article regarding privacy issues and suggested a solution for this. Obviously, about the sensitive information of government agencies. Since the data is located remotely somewhere else, there arise one question like can the cloud providers offer the same protection as if it is stored locally? The third party cannot be trusted completely, since they do not provide any security and privacy to the data stored in the cloud. In this article, they are suggesting one solution to this issue as security-related activities can be assured to a third party such as ISO 27001 or SAS 70. Another one that is highly related to one as mentioned earlier is that since the data on the cloud is accessing through the open network like the internet, there affects the confidentiality of data. The major ones that arise as a topic of discussion among the researchers were security and privacy issues. Some of the proposals regarding security and privacy issues are appended. Protection is given to the identity of a mobile user from hackers. Xiao and Gong ha suggested a process which involves environment of mobile computing to create dynamic credential for all users of mobile. Next is all about malicious content in mobile devices. A platform is called cloud antivirus platform in which a separate network service or cloud have given the detection capabilities. However, R.Chow et al. suggested an inbuilt authentication platform to tackle the privacy issues. In fact, Jia et .al suggested two schemes called PRE (proxy re-encryption)and IDE (identity-based encryption) to solve security issues related to data. The factors that thrive mobiledevice to use cloud computing are less energy, less security, low storage, limited processing power, and battery. (Zhang, 2012)Prevent information leak through the communication network. Users are communicating with the client using client software. So there can be a possibility of side channel attacks. Web application components are used in both browser and web server. Therefore communication is essential, and this can lead to side-channel attacks. The automatic quantification and detection of solution is possible on side leaks of side channel in the web applications. Impact of cloud on M-Governance Research and Markets, 2012 explained about the impact of cloud on m-governance. For the public citizens, telecommunication corporations and government agencies, the cloud-enabled mobile governance offer boundless opportunities.The result of a survey in December 2010 by1105 government information group is that the apex three reasons which thrived the public bodies to include cloud to governance are quick access to data and information, simplifying IT framework and management and reduction in cost. The development in technology enhances the performance and adoption of cloud (Ferrer-Garcia, Gutirrez-Maldonado Riva, 2013).Cloud application is possible in many fields. One of the interesting areas is mobile technology. In this article one of the major areas of discussion is how the cloud computing environment can enhance the overall functions of all the device of mobile. According to Dihal et.al,2013 there so many factors that affect the mobile devices capability and availability.(Kumar and Lu,2010) explained these factors as memory storage, input methods, battery lifetime, processor capability. The issues of mobile devices can be mitigated by cloud computing (Chun and Maniatis, 2009). Aforementioned is beneficial to both consumers and service developers. As far as consumers concerned, they can access services like music, movies, and services despite their devices capabilities. In the case of developers since they had to manage only one version of their services in the cloud. Key findings/future references New intelligent services of mobile are enabled by cloud computing (Mohamad, Building Ismail, 2010). Cloud computing also collects the data from sensors of devices that provide the services that are customized (Wang and Deters, 2009). Research and Markets, 2012 cited in his article as mobile cloud computing is a still-evolving concept with various challenges includes reliability, delay in handover, data integrity, bandwidth limitation, task division for offloading, security of data and information in the device as well as in communication channel (Computer, 2010). According to the article written by Chen et al. 2011, the cloud computing recently has introduced a technology that allows the users so that the users get access to all the storage, development environment, infrastructure and software that is based on the model that is based on pay what the users use. The dynamic nature of cloud environment cannot be handled by the forensics of digital that are traditional. So an approach that is efficient to forensic investigation is proposed by the use of snapshots of Virtual machine. The future work on cloud computing is the architecture will the pattern of server less architecture. The server less pattern of architecture will determines the infrastructure that is needed dynamically. Conclusion Cloud computing has a very significant influence on mobile technology as it makes these devices more powerful and cheaper. With cloud computing, the users can access the applications and services located remotely. Recent market trend unveils that apple iPhone, Google android phones are showing trajectory upward. Effective Governance increases its competiveness. In this report, the details of mobile cloud computing is given which defines the m-governance and the e-governance. This report gives a detailed structure on what the government and the citizens think about mobile cloud computing and also illustrates the security that is provided by mobile cloud computing. There is also a detailed structure about the impact of m-governance in present world and some future works is detailed which helps to improve the mobile cloud computing. 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